Comprehensive Overview of Solar Cables


Solar cables, also known as photovoltaic (PV) cables, are specialized wires used in solar power generation systems. These cables are designed to be UV and weather-resistant, and they are crucial for connecting solar panels to other electrical components such as inverters, batteries, and charge controllers. The durability and reliability of solar cables are essential for the long-term performance and safety of photovoltaic systems.

Key Features and Standards

Solar cables must meet rigorous standards to ensure their performance in harsh environments. Key properties include high dielectric strength, UV and ozone resistance, halogen-free composition, flame retardancy, oil and chemical resistance, and flexibility in extreme temperatures. Common standards that solar cables comply with include EN 50618, IEC 62930, and UL standards.


Solar cables typically consist of stranded conductors made of tinned copper, which provide excellent conductivity and flexibility. The insulation and outer sheath are often made from cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) or cross-linked polyolefin (XLPO), materials known for their superior resistance to environmental factors.

Example of Solar Cable Construction:
  • Conductor: Class 5 tinned copper
  • Insulation: XLPE as per EN 50618 / IEC 62930
  • Outer Sheath: XLPE as per EN 50618 / IEC 62930
  • Colors: Typically black, red, or as per customer requirements

Types and Specifications

Solar cables come in various types and specifications to suit different applications and environments. Below is a table summarizing some common specifications for single-core sheathed solar cables.

Product CodeConductor ConstructionInsulation Thickness (mm)Sheath Thickness (mm)Overall Diameter (mm)Max. Conductor Resistance (Ω/km at 20°C)
1×1.5RF30/0.25 mm0.70.85.4013.7
1×2.5RF50/0.25 mm0.70.85.908.21
1x4RF56/0.30 mm0.70.86.605.09
1x6RF84/0.30 mm0.70.87.403.39
1x10RF80/0.40 mm0.70.88.801.95
1x16RF126/0.40 mm0.70.910.101.24
1x25RF196/0.40 mm0.91.012.500.795
1x35RF276/0.40 mm0.
1x50RF396/0.40 mm1.01.216.300.393
1x70RF556/0.40 mm1.11.218.700.277
1x95RF756/0.40 mm1.11.320.800.210

Testing and Certification

Solar cables undergo rigorous testing to ensure they meet performance and safety standards. Some critical tests include:

  • Thermal Endurance Test: Assesses the long-term thermal capabilities of the insulation.
  • Damp Heat Test: Evaluates performance under high humidity and temperature conditions.
  • UV and Weathering Test: Ensures resistance to UV radiation and weather conditions.
  • Ozone Resistance Test: Checks for material degradation due to ozone exposure.
  • Dynamic Penetration Test: Assesses the cable’s ability to withstand mechanical stress.

These tests are designed to simulate extreme operating conditions, ensuring the cables can perform reliably over their expected lifespan.


Solar cables are used in various components of PV systems, including:

  • Interconnecting Solar Panels: Connecting multiple panels together.
  • Connecting Panels to Inverters: Transmitting the generated electricity to inverters for conversion from DC to AC.
  • Battery Connections: Linking solar panels and inverters to storage batteries.
  • Grounding Systems: Providing a secure path to the ground to protect against electrical faults.


Solar cables are a critical component of photovoltaic systems, ensuring efficient and safe transmission of electricity generated by solar panels. By adhering to stringent standards and undergoing rigorous testing, these cables provide the reliability and durability required for long-term solar energy production.

For more detailed information and technical specifications, you can refer to the following sources:

These resources offer valuable insights into the design, testing, and selection of solar cables, ensuring that you have a comprehensive understanding of their role in photovoltaic systems.